Breast Surgery Complications
Initially and foremost there could be an allergic reaction to the anesthetic. General is considered to be more risky yet any anesthetic could result in on a negative reaction. Although extremely rare, it is possible to bleed post-operatively.
Resulting in another breast surgery to control and drain the collected blood.
Another likelihood is hematoma (a collection of clotted blood), seroma (a collection of the watery part of the blood) and thrombosis (abnormal clotting).
Loss of sensitivity is common, although temporary. Stable sensation loss in the areola (nipple) area or breasts, in general, can and may happen. There is also a risk of excessive scarring or inner scar tissue. Also, you must have more views (films) taken when having a mammogram if you have breast implants — especially overs.
There is also a risk of calcifications — especially when there is a certain, thick capsule around the implant. And galactorrhea, which is when you start producing breast milk, is also a complication. This is ordinarily remedied on its own and may stop spontaneously although some cases may need medication or implant confiscation. Although very rare, it is worth mentioning, full disclosure is the key to an informed consent.
Breast tissue atrophy (loss, shrinking) is a likelihood. According to the FDA, "the pressure of the breast implant may cause the breast tissue to thin and shrink. This can occur while implants are still in place or following implant confiscation without replacement".
Necrosis (death) of the breast tissue, breast envelope and or incision line can happen.
Although extremely rare with breast surgery.
The chances of necrosis are increased after radioactive/chemotherapy treatment, if you smoke and have poor circulation, or have temperatetherapy or cryotherapy post-operatively.
Extrusion is also an extremely rare occurrence but a scary likelihood. Extrusion of the implant is where your body rejects the prosthesis and pushes it out of the skin, like when a piercing is pushed out or like when a spike or crack is pushed from the body. Then the implant may become visible under the skin and must be removed before it breaks through resulting in possibly an infection and certain major scarring.
Infection: You could develop a post-operative infection and need to have the implant removed, the infection dealt with and still have to wait for several months before an additional surgery can be performed to re-implant. Infections ordinarily occur with the initially 4 to 6 weeks. Some possible infections and a more common one being Staphylococcus, or simply Staph.
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